In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive method that involves collecting a woman’s eggs and a man’s sperm outside of the woman’s body and fertilizing them in a laboratory dish outside of the woman’s body.
The term “in vitro” refers to the laboratory Petri dish in which the egg and sperm are mixed. The physician chooses the best embryo(s) to transfer to the woman’s uterus after the eggs are fertilized and become embryos.
Most reasons for male and female infertility can be treated by in vitro fertilization. The embryo will implant in the uterus and result in pregnancy if IVF treatment is successful. Any remaining embryos can be frozen and saved for later use, or they can be donated to other couples.
IVF gives a high possibility of pregnancy in a short amount of time, yet it is not ideal for all couples or individuals.
How does IVF work?
IVF combines drugs and surgical techniques to help sperm fertilize an egg and the fertilized egg implant in your uterus.
To begin, you must take medicine that will allow many of your eggs to mature and become viable. The IVF doctor then takes your eggs out of your body and mixes them with sperm in a lab to help the eggs fertilize. After that, the fertilized eggs (embryos) will be put into your uterus. You will become pregnant if any of the embryos are implanted in the lining of your uterus.
How does IVF help with infertility in infertile couples?
When other treatments don’t work, IVF works!
Before arriving at the IVF “facility,” patients may undergo a variety of reproductive therapies, including fertility drugs, intrauterine insemination, and so on. On the other hand, a specific infertility diagnosis will prompt your infertility specialist in Coimbatore to recommend IVF right away, so you don’t waste time and money on fertility treatments that aren’t likely to work. Infertility diagnosis includes:
- Blocked fallopian tubes.
- Severe male infertility factor.
- Reduced ovarian reserves.
- Age of advanced maternal maturity (typically a woman who is over 38 years old).
You can use donated eggs or sperm:
A fertility professional may consider using donated eggs and sperm in some cases. In rare cases, the egg can be manually fertilized in the clinic. The resulting viable embryo is used for IVF, enhancing your chances of becoming pregnant on your first or second attempt.
Have control over timing:
With IVF, patients who are focused on their employment or who have a unique life circumstance that influences when they want their baby to be born can have more overall control. Cryopreserved embryos or eggs can be used in the future. You can then select a window of time when you want to become pregnant – or when you want your kid to be born – and count backwards to calculate the optimal time to begin IVF treatment. IVF can also assist you in spacing your children in a way that is most beneficial to your family.
High chances of having a healthy baby:
Genetic testing is an essential tool for ensuring that your child is healthy when they are born. You may guarantee that the fetuses utilized in IVF are devoid of known genetic markers by using genetic screening, also known as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Several of these have been linked to life-threatening disorders such as cystic fibrosis, Down syndrome, sickle cell anemia, and Tay Sachs. The tests are performed only if the mother and father test positive for these diseases or if there is a family history of severe genetically related conditions.
Fewer chances of having a miscarriage:
An abnormality in the body often leads to miscarriage because it causes the body to end a pregnancy naturally. Suppose mothers use PGT to confirm the genetic viability of an embryo ahead of time. In that case, they have a greater chance of having a healthy pregnancy and carrying the baby to term.
Increased chances of conception:
IVF with PGT has the best success rate among all assisted reproductive technologies. Many cycles can be used if necessary to increase a woman’s chances of conception, a healthy pregnancy, and live birth.
Common Reasons why to consider an IVF?
With age, a woman’s egg quality worsens. By increasing the number of eggs she produces, improving the selection of good quality eggs, or allowing her to use donor eggs to generate embryos, IVF can help an older woman have a better chance of conceiving.
In vitro fertility treatment may be effective for helping to start a successful pregnancy by increasing the number of candidate embryos and maybe employing PGD or PGS to increase successful implantation, relying on the underlying issue for recurrent pregnancy loss.
Damaged Fallopian tubes:
Surgical repair is the only fertility treatment, which is low-successful if the tubal damage is extensive, and IVF is the only other option (which bypasses the fallopian tubes).
If a woman isn’t ovulating, ovulation-inducing medicines can help her get pregnant (anovulation). If she is unable to conceive using these conservative measures, she can resort to IVF, which has a high success rate.
Although endometriosis can cause infertility, it can be successfully treated with a combination of surgery and medication. If the first round of surgical or medical treatment fails, IVF is a viable option. You can always reach out to the best IVF hospital in Coimbatore for the highly advanced IVF treatment
Low ovarian reserve:
IVF can be used to speed the production of healthy eggs in a woman’s ovaries, allowing the reproductive endocrinologist to extract mature eggs directly from the ovaries. Younger women with limited ovarian reserve but typically decent egg quality would have a higher chance of success with IVF treatment.
The success rate is determined by a variety of factors, including reproductive history, maternal age, infertility reasons, and lifestyle factors. It’s also crucial to realize that pregnancy rates aren’t the same as live birth rates.
- 41-43% for women below the age of 35
- 33-36% for women between 35 to 37
- 23-27% for women between 38 to 40
- 13-18% for women between over 40
Women undergoing IVF may experience discomfort during the administration of injections, it can depend on the person on how comfortable they are with injections. In Vitro fertilization has become a boon to people who are facing a tough time getting pregnant naturally.
You can always have the choice of undergoing IVF treatment at the Best Hospitals In Coimbatore by considering the options that are available for you.