India’s first mission to conduct the Sun’s corona which is called Aditya L1. The name is derived from Sanskrit word for “Sun” The mission’s main goal is to investigate the dynamics, composition, and magnetic field fluctuations of the corona, the Sun’s outermost atmosphere. Aditya L1 will be launched by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-XL from Sriharikota’s Satish Dhawan Space Center into a Low-Earth Orbit that is 800 kilometers above the planet’s surface.
Aditya L1 Mission Payload Exploration
Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC): This payload will capture images of the Sun’s corona, the atmosphere’s uppermost layer.
Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT): This payload will capture images of the Sun’s chromosphere, the atmosphere layer just above the photosphere.
Aditya Solar Wind Particle Experiment (ASPEX): This payload will measure the solar wind, a torrent of charged particles originating from the Sun.
Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya (PAPA): This payload will assess the plasma or charged gas surrounding the Sun.
Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer (SoLEXS): This instrument measures the Sun’s X-ray emissions.
High-Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HEL1OS): This instrument will measure the Sun’s high-energy X-ray emissions.
Magnetometer: This instrument will measure the magnetic field of the Sun and the surrounding space.
These payloads’ data will aid in our comprehension of the Sun and its effects on Earth. This information could assist us in predicting solar cyclones and other space weather events, thereby protecting our satellites and other technology from harm.