The ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-2023 is provided below in detail. In the syllabus, you will find an overview of the topics students will be studying throughout the academic year. It also helps ICSE Class 10 students plan their studies in an organised manner. A syllabus is prepared by the council, containing details about the structure of the course and subtopics of Chemistry. Listed below is the detailed syllabus of ICSE Class 10 Chemistry along with its practical syllabus.

ICSE Class 10 Syllabus is considered the most challenging of all Board syllabuses. ICSE has made several changes in its syllabus and exam pattern due to the COVID situation prevalent since 2019. It is important for teachers and students to stay up to date on all such changes. 

Chemistry Syllabus

Chemistry is one of the few subjects that students find really interesting. A number of concepts from class 12 are directly tested in competitive examinations such as JEE and NEET. It prepares you for careers in a variety of fields, such as pharmaceutical research or environmental issues.

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-2023: Overview

The ICSE board emphasizes both theoretical concepts and practical knowledge equally. Students are provided with an environment that caters to their overall development and growth. Every subject in the ICSE Syllabus is thoroughly studied.

Class 10 Science has 3 branches: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. It is equally important to study all three subjects. We will discuss all the essential details of the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus in this article.

There is no doubt that Chemistry is an important subject in the field of study. SpeEdLabs provides you with the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus prepared by the ICSE board council. The syllabus for ICSE Class 10 Chemistry for the academic year 2022-2023 contains an overview of all the topics covered. The ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus provides all the necessary information regarding the examinations. To prepare effectively for the exam, students should go through the syllabus before preparing for the exam.

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-2023

An ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus Exam Pattern will provide an overview of specific question paper patterns and marks distribution. Students will be able to understand the essential topics that need to be prepared in a timely manner. Preparation should begin with an understanding of the exam pattern.

Each paper is of 2 hours duration and carries 80 marks. There is also an internal assessment of practical work that carries 20 marks. There are two sections in the paper: Section I (40 marks) and Section B (40 marks). Section I (compulsory) consists of short answer questions on the entire syllabus. There are six questions in Section II. Any four questions from these six must be answered by the students.

Follow the Course

  1. Physical and chemical periodic properties and variations of properties
  2. Chemical Bonding
  3. Study of Acids, Bases and Salts
  4. Analytical Chemistry
  5. Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
  6. Electrolysis
  7. Metallurgy
  8. Study of Compounds
  9. Organic Chemistry

Now that students have an understanding of the exam pattern and marking scheme, they can check out the detailed ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus. Listed below are the topic name and subtopics:

  • Periodic Properties and Variations of Properties – Physical and Chemical

  1. Periodic characteristics and how they differ between groups and periods.
  2. atomic number-based periodicity for elements.
  • Chemical Bonding

Structures of different compounds, including orbit structure and electron dot structure, include electrovalent, covalent, and co-ordinate bonding.

  1. Electrovalent Bonding
  2. Covalent Bonding
  3. Coordinate Bonding
  • Study of Acids, Bases and Salts

  1. Simple definitions based on molecules and their distinguishing characteristics.
  2. Ions are found in mineral acids, alkalis, salts, and their solutions; acidity and alkalinity were tested with litmus and pH paper.
  3. Definition of salt; types of salts.
  4. The action of dilute acids on salts.
  5. Methods of preparation of Normal salts with relevant equations. (Procedure or apparatus specifics are not necessary.)
  • Analytical Chemistry

  1. The action of Ammonium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide on Salt Solutions: Color of Salt and its Solution; Formation and Color of Hydroxide Precipitated for Solutions of Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Pb Salts; Special Action of Ammonium Hydroxide on Copper Salt Solutions and Sodium Hydroxide on Ammonium Salts.
  2. Alkali’s (NaOH, KOH) effect on metals, their oxides, and their hydroxides.
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

  1. Gay Lussac’s Law of Combining Volumes; Avogadro’s Law.
  2. cite the atomicity of chlorine, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen (proof not required)
  3. Vapour Density and its relation to relative molecular mass.
  4. Mole and its relation to mass.
  5. Simple calculations based on chemical equations.
  • Electrolysis

  1. Electrolytes and non-electrolytes.
  2. substances that only contain ions, only contain molecules, or both molecules and ions.
  3. Electrolysis, electrolyte, electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, oxidation, and reduction definitions and explanations (on the basis of loss and gain of electrons).
  4. The electrolysis of molten lead bromide, acidified water with platinum electrodes, aqueous copper (II) sulphate with copper electrodes, and electron transfer at the electrodes are used to illustrate an elementary study of the migration of ions with reference to the factors influencing selective discharge of ions.
  5. Applications of electrolysis.
  • Metallurgy

  1. Occurrence of metals in nature.
  2. Stages involved in the extraction of metals.
  3. Extraction of Aluminium.
  4. Alloys – composition and uses.
  • Study of Compounds

  • Hydrogen Chloride

Sodium chloride is used to make hydrogen chloride, which has the following properties: it is soluble in water and has a high density (fountain experiment); it reacts with ammonia, and its solution is acidic.

  • Ammonia

Ammonia is prepared in a lab from ammonium chloride and ammonium salts, and it is also produced from nitrides like Mg3N2 and AlN. Ammonia’s production via the Haber’s Process; its density and solubility (a fountain experiment); its aqueous solution; its reactions with hot copper (II) oxide and chlorine; ammonia’s burning in oxygen; and its applications.

  • Nitric Acid

nitric Acid: Making nitric acid in a lab using potassium or sodium nitrate is one method. Large-scale preparation. Nitric acid is an oxidizing agent.

  • Sulphuric Acid

Large-scale preparation, behaviour as an acid at low concentrations, behaviour as an oxidising agent at high concentrations (oxidation of carbon and sulphur), behaviour as a dehydrating agent (dehydration of sugar and copper (II) sulphate crystals), and non-volatility.

  • Organic Chemistry
  1. Introduction to Organic compounds.
  2. Structure and Isomerism.
  3. Homologous series – characteristics with examples.
  4. Simple nomenclature.

Simple nomenclature of the hydrocarbons with simple functional groups – (double bond, triple bond, alcoholic, ether, aldehydic, keto, carboxylic group) longest chain rule and smallest number for functional groups rule – trivial and IUPAC names.

  1. Hydrocarbons: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes.
  2. Alcohols: ethanol – preparation, properties and uses.
  3. Acetic acid’s preparation, characteristics, and applications are covered under carboxylic acids (aliphatic – monocarboxylic acids).

The ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-2023 by SpeEdLabs contains all the information students need to prepare for the exam. By going through it, students can figure out which topic they should emphasize more on. SpeEdLabs provides the latest updates on the ICSE and ISC exams, along with exam syllabuses, marking schemes, timetables, and other exam information.


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